Legal: You can be cheated using Track Changes

you can be cheated using track changes

No. I am NOT talking about removing the track changes metadata here. That is easily done using Inspect Document. The problem is that Track Changes can be misused to cheat you. It is extremely easy to cheat and difficult to detect it. Read on to find out the solution.

The problem


In short, anybody can activate and deactivate track changes. This can be used to mislead you and cheat you.

Workaround? Compare documents

Many of us resort to comparing the original and revised document for fear of this problem from affecting us. This can be done using Review – Compare document feature. However, it is an extra step and does consume time and effort.

Solution: You never thought this would be possible!

Microsoft has given a solution to this dangerous problem long back – many years back. It is just that nobody noticed.

Here are the steps.

Enable track changes as usual


Choose Restrict Editing


Choose the option Allow only this type of editing


Specify a strong (long and complex) password. Keep it to yourself. The button now changes to…


Close this window and Send the document to the other party.
Now you are safe. The track changes button is simply not available now!

Before you ask, it is not accessible programmatically as well.


Cross check when you receive the file back

Two things to check.

Step 1 – ensure that the Track changes button is inactive (grayed out)

Step 2 – Choose Restrict Editing – Click on Stop Enforcing Protection. Type the password. It should work.

This way it is proven that the other party has not tampered with the Track Changes Protection. Potentially, the other party could select the entire document, copy paste it to a new one and manipulate it. These steps ensure that the original document has come back to you.

Word 2013 makes it even simpler

It is a pity that such a great and useful feature is not known to majority of people – even in legal profession (at least from what I have seen). Imagine how the developers in Microsoft who wrote this brilliant feature would feel about it…

But Microsoft does not give up. They know that it is needed by the world but the world is not reaching there – may be because it was too deep down in the UI.

So in 2013 they made it really simple.


Now you can do all that we did earlier using SEVEN steps in just ONE step. Drop down the menu below Track Changes and choose Lock Tracking.

Great example of how Microsoft tries to refine the user interface to increase discoverability of highly useful features which are not easily discoverable.

But I still have my own doubts whether people at large will discover this feature. You know why?

Nobody drops the drop-down to check what is there. Curiosity is dead when it comes to Office.

Mandatory Policy

This feature is so important that it is worth adding to the standard policy or standard operating procedure. It is also a good idea to include this topic in the induction program or training material for new recruits (at any level of seniority).

Please share this knowledge with all your friends, colleagues and legal contacts.

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